The IR-Spectroscopy is very useful for characterization of catalyst. It is already known that IR measurement can be used to study the nature of bonding of small molecules such as CO (Carbon monoxide) to the surface of transition metal catalyst.
Some of the important uses of IR Spectroscopy in catalyst characterization are —
- IR-Spectroscopy, for the first time showed that benzene loses its aromatic character when it is absorbed on certain catalyst.
- When Hydrogen gas is adsorbed on ZnO catalyst, dissociation leads to formation of ZnH and OH linkage on the surface. This could be detected with IR-Spectroscopy.
- IR-Spectroscopy conclusively proved that when HCHO is adsorbed on butyl surface, only C-H linkage are formed and no CH2 linkage.
- When amines are interacted into clay catalyst, IR-Spectroscopy showed that protonated species are formed on the surface.
- When HCOOH comes into contact with a large number of metal surfaces, IR-Spectroscopy showed that the metal gets covered with a monomolecular layer.
- IR-Spectroscopy can also identify various Bronsted and Lewis acid site on the catalyst when bases like pyridine is adsorbed.
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